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tv   Listening Post  Al Jazeera  March 3, 2014 2:30am-3:01am EST

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lupeeta nyong'o in "12 years a slave." and alfonso quaron won best director for "gravity." that will do it for this edition of al jazeera america. we leave you with live pictures from south africa where the murder trial of oscar pistorius is getting under way. hello, i'm richard gisberg, and you are at "the listening poet." ukraine gets a domestic government. the obama administration observes the right to cease phone records.
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new rules will make it harder. gay rights, the debate in the media. reasons to be fearful of a smartphone. that's the web video. into we saw it in the aftermath of the arab spring. with a new government, media outlets that backed the previous administration are having to reposition themselves and have been left with explaining, on the day the viktor yanukovych fell, a young journalist went on inter, accusing the network of deceiving viewers and dividing ukrainian. it was a crystallising media moment. over three months of protest there were complaints of the way the story was downplayed either through censorship by the government or because the ukrainian media self sen sword, because owners were tied to the government. now that viktor yanukovych fell,
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where does it leave those loyal to him. how do they regain the credibility lost own the viktor yanukovych. we start in kiev. >> it was the kind of story over which tv producers sallivate. a young journalist falling in love with a policeman on the other side of the barricade. enter ukraine's most watched russian language channel owned by an oligarch aligned with viktor yanukovych, invited her on. if the producers hoped for a touching tail of reconciliation, they were in for disappointment. >> since the beginning, i believe that this is what you were expecting to hear about, isn't it. >> and at that point she says, "and for this reason i hate", and she lists is number of
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people in power. >> and then says, "and i hate inter for the lie that is you fold and the hatred that you spread." >> and she says that, "you, all of you, all of you journalists your hands." (clapping)
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>> we contacted inter multiple times for a response. none was forthcoming. it was one moment but it summarises what ukrainians have seen on their video channels over the three months of the demonstrations and the last four years. >> it was like on a daily basis, on news coverage, the situation was so bad that sometimes watching local news, state news, you have the déjà vu feeling that you are watching soviet propaganda. >> there is one state-owned channel loyalist to the viktor yanukovych regime, and there is
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one major russian language channel inter. there is another. these are the three channels that were the worst for presenting information about what was happening in ukraine. there are a couple of others. ictv, two channels which have generally been supporting the opposition. they were much for truthful about what was happening with the protests. >> if you were watching at least the two or three television channels, if you were making efforts to listening to several radio stations or reading several radio stations, you could draw your own conclusions.
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there were attacks and provocations on both sides. the matter is that you could not probably find a single outlet that would be as balanced as we would like to see. you have to go several sources to get the kiev future. >> some of the clearest pictures to emerge came from viktor yanukovych's luxure youse residence which overlooks the sea. hundreds of documents were dumped in the water, fished out and dried out. 15 journalists from four newsagencies vice-president in the building poring over the document 24/7. the journalists are going straight to the web, posting what they found on a site called viktor yanukovych leaks.org. >> all the documents were wet.
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they were getting dried during three days. then journalists copied by photo camera, then by different issues, and they applauded. we don't believe politicians, because we don't know who has links to viktor yanukovych, and his team. journalists have everything, internet. >> as for has it fixed the flawed media landscape, parliament is talking about a new law that will make broadcasting anything that threatens national security a crime. president viktor yanukovych has gone, but the oligarchs own a proportionate number of channels, will they climb on their own and change their editorial tune. if they do, will ukrainians tune in. the channels have the hard decision now to make.
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especially because they lost all credibility. it's important to understand that only the audience should decide if channels should exist or to be closed. it's a big danger to talk about possible restrictions on journalists or licences, or their broadcast. it's not a right thing, and in that way it could be very bad start for the revolution. >> as far as cedibility with -- credibility with viewers is concerned and gaining it backs, it's a two-sided question. we have to keep in mind which viewers. they lost the credibility of those people who are against the maydan, who are against the opposition, who are against. on the other hands, i don't think that the change in policy now being against viktor
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yanukovych and his allies, will gain much credibility on the part of those who did not like the authorities bias. >> the post powerful media of the revolution was social media. the second place is non-traditional. internet tv, sites, newsagencies. because during these three months, position of owners have different media change many times. but if you come to internet, you can see everything. global village voices on the coverage of the voices coming out of ukraine. >> this wave of protest changed the society and the media landscape. journalists who could not work under censorship launched several projects on different internet platforms.
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do you know what it was afraid the most? that the government will shut down the internet, and the mobile signal. in that case, all eyes would be doomed. luckily it didn't happen. >> social media offered an important human element. they are emphasising people's view points. they are getting citizens on their tv shows, on the news casts to discuss debate with the anchors. if there's one thing that it has taught us is that the people
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>> start with one issue ad guests on all sides of the debate. and a host willing to ask the tough questions and you'll get... the inside story ray suarez hosts inside story weekdays at 5pm et / 2pm pt only on al jazeera america the stream is uniquely interactive television. in fact, we depend on you, your ideas, your concerns. >> all these folks are making a whole lot of money. >> you are one of the voices of this show. >> i think you've offended everyone with that kathy. >> hold on, there's some room to offend people, i'm here. >> we have a right to know what's in our food and monsanto do not have the right to hide it from us. >> so join the conversation and make it your own. >> watch the stream. >> and join the conversation online @ajamstream. >> time for "listening post"
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news bite. there's new rules in the u.s. relating to national security and the surveillance of the news media. it's the upshot from a story from last year when the department of justice, d o.j., seized phone records from the associate press without notification. the d o.j. was trying to find the source behind an ap story on an leingd terror brg -- alleged terror plot out of yessen. under most rules d o.j. will inform the news outlets, and the news outlets can challenge search warrants in the sprourpt. and the d o.j. will only go after records in extraordinary methods are required. here is the catch. the attorney-general can rule that notification will not be given in cases where it would mean: >> when the story broke the ap
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accused the government of massive and unprecedented intrusion. on the new rules ap's c.e.o. said: >> in hong kong protesters have been out on the streets calling for greater protection against censorship. february 23rd, more than 6,000 people marched to hong kong's chief executive office to speak out against what they see as an erosion of press freedom, and attempts to silence political voices. according to shirley yam: >> the protests are in response to what critics are calling
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growing interference for mainland mai mainland china and attacks. a journalist ousted a month ago was stabbed in brode daylight. this month lee waling a prominent voice and critic of the government were fired. analysts say the bosses were worried they would not renew their licence if she stayed on. a state prosecutor resigned for personnel reasons after commenting on a murder. a reporter worked at two papers. he was kidnapped and killed this month. the prosecutor then said his murder was over a personal dispute. >> de la cruz is a dangerous place to be a journalist. according to the committee to
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protect journalists, at least eight have been killed since 2011. mexico has a poor record of finding and convicting those responsible for the murder. local reporters criticised the prosecutor for ruling out his work as a motive. within days he resigned. >> for all the attention the global news media paid to the quay rights -- gay rights issue in russia, there was a story coming out of russia that didn't get much attention. uganda's president signed legislation making the antihomosexual view the new law of the land. it was illegal to be gay in uganda. the new law meant harsher punishments and made it illegal for ugandans to go on television, discuss homosexuality without condemning it. not ideal conditions for a debit.
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much of the ugandan media are on board. news papers out ugandan homosexuals and vilify them. they defend it as covering the laws under which they work. now for the effect that it will have on the country's media, and the new bill. >> on tuesday, 25th of february, a day after uganda's anti-homosexuality bill is signed into law, red person, a tab lloyd reveals the identities of 200 alleged homosexuals on its front page. such front page is part of a media trend. in april 2009 the sunday paper named what it calls the tophomos in uganda. in october 2010, the "rolling stop" newspaper did the same thing, but with the caption, "hang them", in broadcast it is not better.
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here are the opinions making it to air. >> and for the european human rights bill. suddenly there's a human right. for the african view, sudly it's a human vice. >> this is the most limited ingrained creature, but never will you have - hear or see a cockroach of a male orientation jumping on a fellow male. >> this is not from my, but the same society that groups homosexuals as people that are not normal human being. all these affect the rights and the way we cover. >> just because this is, for lack of a better phrase, a homophobic society doesn't need we need to reflect hook, line and sinker what the society think. the majority can be wrong.
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that. >> which is no small feat in uganda because the antigay narrative is reinforced at societal levels, in schools, universities, churches and rallies. debating the subject can put journalists at odds with powerful people. >> politicians, former catholic priest and the the ethics lobby - they get ample air time. >> there is an instance where a lesbian was being interviewed on one of our tvs. >> why are you gay? >> people stormed into the studio illustrating how lesbians make love and go about their relationships. you would see that - not that piece, to try to control.
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>> this is an evil. >> they come with respect in society. people of authority. they play significant roles in shaping the attitudes of home on homosexuality. >> the senior editor - that's when the pastor, at a rally, had two young journalists cover the rally. so he marched into the office, held me hostage for two hours and forced a debate about promoting homosexuality and, you know, people covering the story. we know them. they are lesbians. if you are a young journalist, you may need to think again whether you go back, to be condemned by name. >> exacerbating the chill of a journalist attempting to cover
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the story is the antihomosexual bill signed into law. had the first draft passed uganda would have joined company with southern somalia, sudan, northern nigeria and mauritania, places where homosexual offenses carry the death penalty. while that clause was dropped, another survived, making it illegal for ugandans to promote homosexuality without promoting it. the dilemma is how is it possible to have a debate about homosexuality when it is illegal it. >> when it comes to promotion of homosexuality the media comes in, because you cannot promote it unless you have a medium. we have a problem there as a media. talking about it may not necessarily imply that you are promoting it. >> if i'm generous and i interview a source, i cannot determine beforehand what the source will say. it's too much responsibility on
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the shoulders of journalists. it's ridiculous. also the conversations that people have, in bars, taxis, how do you regulate that? >> informing those discussions have been tab lloyd newspapers like red pepper. the paper paid a name with sol ashes coverage of homosexuality and its editor is uncompromising about the editorial line. >> the editorial position in uganda is that it is an illegal practice in this country. they need to respect the laws of the country. we expose. >> what he portrays as civic duty mixes with the culture of tab lloyd journalism. sex sells. combine the two and red pepper
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alleged that a football coach was having sex with young players on the team. it was an approach to make money. you bring sex and homosexuality, and a combination likely to sell. you appeal to people's voierrist tick side -- voyeuristic side. >> we were saying there was a rape and homosexual practice. these were under aged boys targeted by a known homosexual. that's the point we are trying to raise. >> the nation is not unique to uganda. when society and the media turns it into the dominant narrative, like it is in uganda, challenging it is an issue. especially with the law that mandates the practice be condemned. africa is different from europe,
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is different from asia. it's coming from a society that is abhorrent. the sexual aryan tags. it's -- orientation. >> this makes it hard for the media to be fair and ensure that both sides are represented because if the media does that, there is a danger that the public is going to serve out a particular paper, if it is bank rolled by companies. television channel controlling that part. why it's going be excluded by the public. >> on gay rights, the u.s. military had a policy called don't ask, don't tell, which allowed homosexuals to serve as long as they remain positive. the media ask, they cannot debate the issue.
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the law forces the issue to stay in the closet. >> more global village voices on the new law in uganda and how the media are dealing with it. >> it is very biased in uganda. when you go to a house and speak something positive about homosexuality, the public come out on you. people believe that homosexuals should not be part of the community in uganda. you can't blame the media. this is business, they want to get rid of it. that's why they do the bias, they go the bias way. >> most of the coverage on the homosexuality deal was bias towards the antigay group. we didn't have a lot of informed opinion coming across, you know, media. i think the media reflect what the society is about. no matter where you go, in uganda.
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consider this. the news of the day plus so much more. answers to the questions no one else will ask. >> it seems like they can't agree to anything in washington no matter what.
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>> al jazeera's investigative unit has tonight's exclusive report.
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>> stories that have impact... that make a difference... that open your world... >> this is what we do... >> america tonight weeknights 9et / 6pt only on al jazeera america >> finally, and with apologies to anyone watching on a smartphone, devices that changed so many of our lives, not always for the better. that's a point that a cartoonist in san francisco is trying to make in the next video. the character he creates says, "i totally don't owe you an explanation, but these are the reasons why i don't have a smartphone." the youtube channel was set up. his tales of existence, the mine usuali of life has attracted more than 40 million hits. his latest might make you nostal gik for the
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clunky cell phone you left behind." >> audiences are intelligent and they know that their needs are not being met by american tv news today. >> entire media culture is driven by something that's very very fast... >> there has been a lack of fact based, in depth, serious journalism, and we fill that void... >> there is a huge opportunity for al jazeera america to change the way people look at news. >> we just don't parachute in on a story...quickly talk to a couple of experts and leave... >> one producer may spend 3 or 4 months, digging into a single story... >> at al jazeera, there are resources to alow us as journalists to go in depth and produce the kind of films... the people that you don't see anywhere else on television. >> we intend to reach out to the people who aren't being heard. >>we wanna see the people who are actually effected by the news of the day... >> it's digging deeper it's asking that second,
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that third question, finding that person no one spoken to yet... >> you can't tell the stories of the people if you don't get their voices out there, and al jazeera america is doing just that. >> >> fears of war, ukraine steels for conflict with russia. moscow's stock market plunges 9% as the g7 unite against vladimir putin. >> hello, you are watching al jazeera live from our headquarters live in doha. also in the program. gunmen attack a court in pakistan's capital, killing a judge and 10 others. >> the owner of birmingham city football club and one of the asia's best-knownin

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